The debate over hi-tech gender selection like IVF and Microsort, is still unstoppable. But when it comes to health risks, sex does matter. Women are twice as likely as men to get multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and migraines. They’re also more likely to get cataracts, hepatitis, and thyroid disease. Women experience depression about twice as often as men. And irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is thought to affect twice as many women as men. Although men have more heart attacks than women, more women die within a year after having a heart attack.





A sex-related illness is an illness that occurs more common to one sex. Sex-related illnesses have various causes (based on Wikipedia) :

Here are some common examples of sex-related illnesses in humans :

Men

Autism is 4 times more prevalent in males than females
Autism is 4 times more prevalent in males than females

Women

Diseases occur in both female and male but are more common in either sex

StrokeWomen have fewer strokes, but are more likely to die from them than men; women are generally older than men when they have a stroke
Heart attackMen have more, but women are more likely to die within a year after a heart attack; women tend to get heart disease seven to 10 years later than men
MigraineThree times more common in women
DepressionTwice as common in women
Hearing lossMore common in men
Nearsightedness (myopia)More common in women through age 60
Irritable bowel syndromeMore common in women
CancerCancer of the lungs, kidneys, bladder, and pancreas are more common in men; thyroid cancer is more common in women
OsteoporosisMore common in women
Rheumatoid arthritisTwo to three times more common in women
Gout More common in men
LupusNine times more common in women
FibromyalgiaNine times more common in women